Special Tests for Physical Therapy: HEAD & NECK
SINUS INFECTION TEST: (Procedure below)
Sinus Transillumination Test:
Sinus infection is the swelling or inflammation of the tissue that lines the sinuses. Normally, sinuses are filled with air, but when sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid, germs can grow and cause an infection. Conditions that can cause sinus blockage include the common cold, allergic rhinitis, nasal polyps, or a deviated septum.
There are four different types of Sinus Infections. They are:
(1) Acute Sinus Infection – a sudden onset of cold-like symptoms such as runny, stuffy nose and facial pain that does not go away after 10 to 14 days. Acute sinusitis typically lasts 4 weeks or less.
(2) Subacute Sinus Infections – sinus inflammation lasting 4 to 8 weeks.
(3) Chronic Sinus Infection – sinus inflammation symptoms lasting 8 weeks or longer.
(4) Recurrent Sinus Infection – several attacks within a year.
Sinus Transillumination Test: SINUS INFECTION TEST:
- To test for: the infection of the frontal and maxillary sinuses.
Video Demo Instructions, Procedure, Positive Test:
Sinus Transillumination Test: SINUS INFECTION TEST: Video Demo
Sinus Transillumination Test: Sinus Infection Test: PROCEDURE
• Test is performed in a dark room.
• Examiner uses a bright flashlight. (Cover the flashlight with transparent and clean plastic bag)
• Maxillary Sinus: Patient places the flashlight inside the mouth, against the roof of the mouth.
• Frontal Sinus: Using a different clean plastic bag, place flashlight against the medial aspect of the eyebrows.
Sinus Transillumination Test: Sinus Infection Test: POSITIVE SIGN:
- Sinuses are infected or blocked if they do not glow red (transilluminate). A normal sinus shows a red glow in the area occupied by the sinus.