Hawkins Test

Orthopedic Exam / Special Tests for Physical Therapy: SHOULDER

(Shoulder Impingement Test) Hawkins Kennedy Test

The supraspinatus runs from the supraspinatous fossa superior of the
scapula  to the greater tubercle of the humerus. It is one of the four
rotator cuff muscles and also abducts the arm at the shoulder. The
supraspinatus muscle tendon passes laterally beneath the cover of the
acromion. This tendon inserts into the superior facet of the greater
tubercle of the humerus.

(Shoulder Impingement Test):  Hawkins Test


  • To test for: Overuse injury to the supraspinatus tendon.

Video Demo Instructions, Procedure, Positive Test:

Special Test: Hawkins Kennedy Test: Video Demo (Procedure below)

Special Test (Shoulder Injury): Hawkins Test: PROCEDURE:

• Patient is seated or standing
• Patient flexes their arm to 90° then internally rotates their humerus (can be done actively or passively)

Shoulder Injury Test: Hawkins Kennedy Test: POSITIVE SIGN:

  • Pain in the acromion / tendon area

Hawkins Kennedy Test Specificity Sensitivity: